Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy: Technique and Long Term Results

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Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy: Technique and Long Term Results

Ion Cosmin Puia, Aida Puia, Mira-Lia Florea, Paul Gabriel Cristea, Marius Stanca, Alin Fetti, Emil Moiş
Surgical Techniques, no. 1, 2021
Article DOI: 10.21614/chirurgia.116.1.102
Background: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy (Longo operation) is a infrequent technique in our area. A different concept from hemorrhoidectomy, a proportionally important raise in cost and a special training may have contributed to it. We report our long-term results with the standard technique.

Methods: The data of 35 patients with symptomatic second- and third-degree hemorrhoids who had stapled hemorrhoidopexy using a PPH03 stapler, from 01 January 2012 to 04 December 2020, were retrospectively collected. The sex ratio male: female was 3:4 and the mean age 45 (range 28-60) years.
The follow-up consisted in a rectal exam and evaluated anatomical recurrence or prolapse.

Results: The mean operative time was 42 (30-70) min. The mean parenteral analgesic doses during the first 24 h were 1,52. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 1.55 (1-2) days. A single patient needed reoperation for a staple line bleeding, two patients had a thrombosis of internal hemorrhoids and in one patient a small prolapse was diagnosed at 3 months follow-up.
No hematoma, anastomotic stenosis, persistent anal pain, tenesmus, or impaired anal continence was recorded. One patient mentioned discomfort related to the presence of staples. Patients were followed-up for 6 (1-9) years. Global satisfaction rate was 94%.

Conclusion: Stapled hemorrhoidopexy procedure is a safe and feasible procedure, which necessitates few analgesics and allows an early discharge. A rigorous selection of cases and a correct surgical technique allow to obtain good long-term results and offer a high level of patients satisfaction.

Keywords: hemorrhoids, stapled hemorrhoidopexy, PPH, Longo procedure