New Language and Old Problems in Breast Cancer RadiotherapyIon Christian Chiricuţă
Review Articles, no. 4, 2017
Article DOI: 10.21614/chirurgia.112.4.394
New developments in breast cancer radiotherapy make possible new standards in treatment recommandations based on international guidelines. Developments in radiotherapy irradiation techniques from 2D to 3D-Conformal RT and to IMRT (Intensity Modulated Arc Therapy) make possible to reduce the usual side effects on the organs at risk as: skin, lung, miocard, bone, esophagus and brahial plexus. Dispite of all these progresses acute and late side effects are present. Side effects are as old as the radiotherapy was used. New solutions are available now by improving irradiation techniques. New techniques as sentinel node procedure (SNP) or partial breast irradiation (PBRT) and immediate breast reconstruction with silicon implants (IBRIS) make necessary new considerations regarding the target volume delineations. A new language for definition of gross tumor volume (GTV), clinical target volume (CTV) based on the new diagnostic methods as PET/CT,nonaparticle MRI will have real impact on target delineation and irradiation techniques. Ã¢Â€ÂœThe new common language in breast cancer therapyÃ¢Â€Â would be the first step to improve the endresults and finally the quality of life of the patients.
Keywords: breast cancer, target volume, lymfedema, radionecrose, radiotherapy