Effect of High Perioperative Oxygen Fraction on Surgical Site Infection Following Surgery for Acute Sigmoid Diverticulitis. A Prospective Randomized Double Blind Controlled Monocentric TrialMario Schietroma, Beatrice Pessia, Sara Colozzi, Francesco Carlei, Ina Shehaj, Gianfranco Amicucci
Original article, no. 3, 2016
Propose: The clinical role of hyperoxiato prevent postoperative surgical site infection (SSI) remains uncertain since randomized controlled trials on this topic have reported different results. One of the principal reasons for such mixed results can be that previous trials have entered a heterogeneous population of patients and set of procedures. The aim of our study was to assess the influence of hyperoxygenation on SSI usingan homogeneous study population. Methods: We studied, in a prospective randomized study, extended on a time interval January 2009 to May 2015, 85 patients who underwent open intraperitoneal anastomosis for acute sigmoid diverticulitis. Patients were assigned randomly to an oxygen/air mixture with a faction of inspiration (FiO2) of 30% (n=43) or 80% (n=42). Administration was started after induction of anesthesia and maintained for 6 hours after surgery. Results: The overall wound site infection rate was 24.7% (21 out of 85): 14 patients (32.5%) had a wound infection in the 30% FiO2 group and 7 (16.6%) in the 80% FiO2 group (p 0.05). The risk of SSI was 43% lower in the 80% FiO2 group (RR, 0.68; 95% confidence interval, 0.35-0.88) versus 30% FiO2. Conclusions: Therefore, supplemental 80% FiO2 during and 6 hours after open surgery for acute sigmoid diverticulitis, reducing post-operative SSI, should be considered part of ongoing quality improvement activities related to surgical care, accompanied by few risk to the patients and little associates cost.