Early Spontaneous Graft Intra- and Perihepatic Hematoma after Liver TransplantationCristian Lupaşcu, Oana Apopei, Nutu Vlad, Ciprian Vasiluta, Ana-Maria Trofin, Mihai Zabara, Alexandra Vornicu, Corina Lupaşcu-Ursulescu, Mioara Nitu, Felicia Crumpei, Vladislav Braşoveanu, Irinel Popescu
Image Quiz for surgeons, no. 3, 2017
Article DOI: 10.21614/chirurgia.112.3.342
Hematoma of the graft is a life threatening complication of liver transplantation (LT) and there has been no overt conclusion in the literature about optimal management except in scarcely reported cases. It may be either intrahepatic or subcapsular, then again it may develop spontaneously or following parenchimal injuries or transhepatic percutaneous invasive manoeuvers. In this report we describe a rare case of large spontaneous graft intra- and perihepatic hematoma. A 62 year-old man underwent a whole graft orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) for decompensated chronic liver disease due to alcoholic cirrhosis. The surgical procedure was uneventful. During the early postoperative course, routine Doppler ultrasound examination and CT-scan revealed an extrahepatic paracaval hematoma, 7 days after transplantation, which was stable and conservatively managed until the 18-th postoperative day, when rapidly expanding intraparenchimal hematoma involving the right hemiliver, several other perihepatic hematomas, significant right pleural effusion and hemorrhagic ascites were described. The patient was successfully treated conservatively (nonsurgically) with slow recovery of the liver allograft and discharged one month later in good general status.
Keywords: liver transplantation, subcapsular liver hematoma, intrahepatic hematoma, hepatic laceration, perihepatic hematoma